The retail sub-sector of listed European real estate equities has been one of the worst hit by the covid-19 outbreak, but the entire sector saw some upswing after its sharp fall in March.
Oxford Economics and the European Public Real Estate Association (Epra) found in a recent report that the baseline scenario of the FTSE Epra Nareit Developed Europe could see the index recover in 2022.
Ali Zaidi, director of research and indexes at Epra, commented: “The recovery from the economic shock caused by the pandemic looks to be much faster than other disasters, such as the global financial crisis, and economic stimulus programmes are at the centre of this.
“Where other economic shocks have resulted in a slow recovery for equities and real estate equities, this time listed real estate equities could return to pre-covid levels in 2022, which is rapid by comparison. Some sectors, like residential and industrial, have already recovered to pre-crisis levels.”
Fund flows are recovering, according to EPFR Global.
But the latest Last Word Research survey showed weakening European investor sentiment towards property assets.
In June, the industrial, residential and healthcare sub-sectors of the FTSE Epra Nareit Developed Europe returned about 20% below their pre-crisis peaks, and that was significantly higher than lodging/resorts and retail (see graphs below).
John Hammond, head of real estate securities for Europe at DWS, explained to Expert Investor that the recovery that started in retail in June is short lived and not meaningful.
He expects prices to “vary between the March lows and June ‘highs’ until a new rental base is established and asset values adjust” and also points to structural changes that covid-19 has sped up.
Sasha Kachanova, investment analyst at Aberdeen Standard Investments, said that the pandemic has accelerated online trends in Europe, which has been lagging behind the UK, US and China in e-commerce penetration.
“From an operating perspective, even with shopping centres reopening, a sustained recovery [in retail] appears challenged, as the pandemic has intensely accelerated some well-known structural pressures.
“Lockdowns have forced retailers to invest further in their digital offering, and we have seen e-commerce sales rising exponentially, breaking the few existing barriers and making the consumers more accustomed to online shopping,” she told Expert Investor.
How much pressure the retail sector could see going forward is uncertain.
Kachanova points to numerous risks and more pressure on retailers from short-lived leases, a stronger shift of consumer behaviour to online, cost-cutting measures in rental payments and the risk of intolerable balance sheet stress.
Hammond sees individual companies facing significant downside as they restructure balance sheets. Across the real estate sector however, he believes that it is unlikely that a bigger shock to share prices will come through.
He says that, today, investing in companies with the strongest balance sheets is key.
“We believe the relative winners will be the best centres and those that provide local convenience, but all asset prices will need to reflect lower future growth,” he adds.
Kachanova explains that “the current valuations seem to incorporate a broad range of possible outcomes”, and sees little hope for a significant re-rating for European retail real estate.
“At this point, we prefer areas with favourable structural growth drivers, such as logistics, or expanding alternative space, like self-storage,” she notes.